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Volume 5, Issue 3, 2014
Transport Function Of Kidney Lymph Nodes In Atherosclerosis And Its Prophylactic By Radon Water In Experiment
Kuznetsov A.V, Borodin Y.I, Astrakov S.V, Mashak A.N
 
DOI: 10.15192/PSCP.ASR.2014.1.3.9799
Published: 20 Mar, 2014
Pages: 97-99
[ Abstract ]
The aim of this investigation was to study the transport function of kidney lymph nodes in atherosclerosis and its prophylactic by radon water of the health-resort "Belokurikha", Russia. The work has been carried out on grown-up bucks Chinchilla rabbits - 115. The animals were divided into 3 groups; 1) intact rabbits; 2) rabbits with atherosclerosis; 3) rabbits that took radon water preventively, during cholesterin feeding (dose - 0,3 g/kg of the rabbit mass) during 2 months. The access to kidney lymph nodes was carried out under intraperitoneal narcosis (chloral hydrate, dose rate 50 mg/kg) and local anesthesia (lidocaine hydrochloride 0,5%) and with the help of middle laparotomy. The dye, 0.1% fluorescein sodium, was injected under the left kidney capsule and it contrasted the afferent lymph nodes. The intensity of the luminescence changed depending on the increase of the contrast and its leaving out of the system of sinuses of lymph nodes. This contrast leaving out was measured in time during ultra-violet rays irradiation of lymph nodes with the help of the original apparatus containing photoresistor. The results of the investigation showed: The intensity of the lymph node luminescence of intact rabbits (group 1) was 0.022 + 0.002 mv/s, P < 0.05. The intensity of kidney lymph nodes luminescence of rabbits with atherosclerosis (group 2) was reduced to 0. 011 + 0.003 mv/s, P < 0.05, relative to the same indices of intact animals. Mortality made up 20%. The intensity of kidney lymph nodes luminescence of the animals in the third group made up 0.021 + 0.001 mv/s, P < 0.05. All rabbits were alive. Conclusion. Radon water of health-resort “Belokurikha” promotes to preserve hemolymphodynamics of kidney lymph nodes and can be used as an effective medical-prophylactic means preventing of atherosclerosis.
Assessment of heavy metals in water of the Senegal River (Mauritania)
Abdoulaye Demba N’DIAYE and Mohamed Ould Sid, Ahmed Ould KANKOU
 
DOI: 10.15192/PSCP.ASR.2014.1.3.100104
Published: 20 Mar, 2014
Pages: 100-104
[ Abstract ]
This study consisted of the assessment the heavy metals in water samples from the Senegal River. 24 samples were collected from 4 stations and sampling was conducted on two different dates, 7th and 22th August 2012. The values of the measured parameters were compared with World Health Organization standards for drinking water quality. The findings show that all the heavy metals measured were within the tolerable values. The average concentrations of heavy metals were recorded at the Senegal River: Al (220 µg/L), Cu (310 µg/L), Zn (50 µg/L), Pb (2.8 µg/L), Mn (2.9 µg/L) and Fe (246 µg/L). The Principal Component Analysis shows a group composed of Fe, Al, Mn and Cu and a group composed of Pb and Zn. The intermediate correlation matrix shows positive and significant correlations between Fe, Al, Mn and Cu: Fe &Cu (0.800), Al &Cu (0.796), Cu & Mn (0.732), Fe & Al (0.716), Fe & Mn (0.631) and Al & Mn (0.751). Pb was found to be highly correlated with Zn (0.938). We can say the positive and significant correlations between the trace metals allow us to say that these parameters are governed by the same mechanism or phenomenon that could possibly be leaching during the rainy season but the sources of trace metals could be different.
Screening Of Exopolysaccharide Producing Bacterium Frateuria Aurentia From Elephant Dung
Shankar T, Vijayabaskar P, Sivasankara Narayani S and Sivakumar T
 
DOI: 10.15192/PSCP.ASR.2014.1.3.105109
Published: 20 Mar, 2014
Pages: 105-109
[ Abstract ]
Exopolysaccharide producing strain was isolated from elephant dung in Srivilliputhur, Tamilnadu, India. It was identified as Frateuria aurentia by cultural, biochemical and and 16S rDNA genetic factor sequencing. The maximum production of EPS recovered from Frateuria aurentia in basal medium 90.66 ± 16.8mg/100ml of dry weight.
Temporal Ecologic Adaptability of the Principal Vector of Malaria, Anopheles gambiae s.l. (Diptera: Culicidae), in North-central Nigeria
Olayemi I. K, Ande A. T, Odeyemi M. O, Ibemesi G. and Emmanuel R
 
DOI: 10.15192/PSCP.ASR.2014.1.3.110117
Published: 20 Mar, 2014
Pages: 110-117
[ Abstract ]
The need for a better understanding of vectorial epidemiology of malaria transmission in North-central Nigeria, a pre-requisite for effective control, informed this study. The study elucidated seasonal dynamics of bio-behavioural ecology of the principal vector of malaria in the area, i.e., Anopheles gambiae s.l., in relation to the species potentials for disease transmission. Adult female mosquitoes were collected bi-weekly, from locations typical of the ecotypes of North-central Nigeria, using all-night human landing catches. Mosquito collections were made both indoors and outdoors during the seasonal periods identified namely, dry, transition and rainy seasons. The wing length of the mosquitoes was measured as a proxy for adult body size. Immature Developmental rates and insecticide susceptibility of the mosquito species were evaluated during the peak of each seasonal period, following standard WHO procedures. Significant (P<0.05) seasonal variations in vectorial attributes were exhibited by An. gambiae in the area. The species was most abundant in the rainy season and least encountered during the dry period. While the mosquitoes were significantly exophagic during dry and transition seasons (56.22 and 63.50% respectively), they showed no such locational feeding preference during the rainy season. Analysis of hourly biting density of the mosquitoes indicated that they were not active during the first half of the night (i.e., 1700 – 2400hrs), both indoors and outdoors, during the transition season. However, while outdoor human biting activity was most intense during the early part of the second half of the night (i.e., 2400 - 0300hrs)in the rainy season, indoor hourly biting density varied within narrow limits in the dry season. While, immature survival rates were generally high (>80%) and insignificantly different (P>0.05) in all seasons, duration of development ranged significantly from 9.40±2.45 days in the dry season to 11.20±2.67 days in rainy. Also, significantly smaller mosquitoes (mean wing length = 2.94±0.36mm) were encountered in the dry season. The adult mosquitoes were susceptible to permethrin insecticide in all seasons, unlike the larval stage that indicated potential resistance during transition and rainy seasons. The findings of this study revealed that seasonal influence plays significant roles in vectorial dynamics of malaria transmission in North-central Nigeria, thus, providing requisite information for fine-tuning malaria vector control strategy for year-round optimum efficacy.
Studies on Water-media Characteristics and Bacterial Population Associated with Laboratory-reared Clarias gariepinus Fingerlings
Ayanwale A.V, Ihindan P.T, Chukwuemeka V. I and Erhabor O. F
 
DOI: 10.15192/PSCP.ASR.2014.1.3.118121
Published: 20 Mar, 2014
Pages: 118-121
[ Abstract ]
This study was aimed at elucidating prevailing physic-chemical properties of culture media of the fish species, Heteroclarias, as well as the associated-bacterial population under Laboratory conditions. Adequately replicated fingerling specimens of the species were raised under artificial conditions in the Laboratory, following recommended procedures for fish culture. Physico-chemical analysis of the culture media, as well as, bacteriological studies of swab samples from external surfaces of the skin, fins and gills of the fishes, were carried out following standard protocols. The results showed that with the exception of Ammonia (range = 0.05±0.01 to 0.54±0.01mg/l), the physic-chemical properties investigated namely, pH (mean = 8.58±0.01), temperature (26.50±0.50oC), Dissolved Oxygen (6.29±0.10mg/l) and Biochemical Oxygen Demand (0.21±0.03mg/l), did not differ significantly (P>0.05); even with increasing age and/or size of the fingerlings. Six bacterial species: S. faecalis, K. pneumonea, P. aeruginosa, E. coli, B. subtilis and S. mutans, were encountered on the external parts of the fishes. However, while three of the species namely, S. faecalis, K. pneumonea and E. coli, were recovered from all three body parts of the fishes, the remaining three species were less distributed. The number of associated-bacterial species was similar for the fin and gills, and was higher than that of the skin. The bacterial load was significantly highest on the fins (mean = 12.24±2.21cfu/g), followed by the gills (9.31±2.45cfu/g) and least on the skin (6.04±1.49cfu/g).
Analyses of Lead in Water Dependthe Weather, nearthe Ex-Factory Production of Batteries Region, Berat, Albania
Mirela Alushllari, Nikolla Civici
 
DOI: 10.15192/PSCP.ASR.2014.1.3.122125
Published: 20 Mar, 2014
Pages: 122-125
[ Abstract ]
Heavy metals are present in the natural water. The determination of lead in water is interest. The presence of lead in water above maximum concentration level recommend by different environmental organizations such as: Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), World Health Organization (WHO, European Union (EU), is toxic and affect in the environment, ecosystems and human health. Presence of lead in the environment results with negative effects, depending on the level and duration of exposure. One of the most important techniques used to determine the elements in the environment and especially on water is classified method of Atomic Absorption Spectrometry (AAS). The purpose of this study is to determine and compare the content of lead in water depending on weather conditions, near the ex- factory production of batteries area, Berat, Albania. Ex- factory production of batteries have respective coordinates, 400 42’’23.57’ N and 19058’’58.31’E. We have selected 8 point samples, and we have collected a total of 16 water samples during two seasons. All the water samples were analyzed using Graphite Furnace Atomic Absorption Spectrometry (GFAAS) for lead content. The concentration level of lead in water samples is compared with World Health Organization (WHO) and Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) specified maximum contaminant level, (MCL). From the results obtained the concentration ranges of lead in samples collected at different points during two sampling varies (1-56 mg/L). It can be observed that the measured concentrations during sampling II are very much higher than the Maximum Contaminant Levels specified by the Environmental Protection Agency and World Health Organization. Analysis of this study was performed in the Institute of Applied Nuclear Physics, University of Tirana.
“Malignant melanoma of left maxillary alveolus – a rare case report”
F.M. Debta, Anil.G. Ghom, Priyanka Debta, Bharani Devi
 
DOI: 10.15192/PSCP.ASR.2014.1.3.126130
Published: 20 Mar, 2014
Pages: 126-130
[ Abstract ]
Primary oral malignant melanoma usually presents as a dark brown or black lesion. It is a rare malignancy, accounting for less than 1% of all melanomas and 1.6% of all head and neck malignancies, thus forming up to 0.5% of all oral malignancies in the world literature. In contrast to cutaneous melanoma, it does not have a defined set of clinical and pathologic classification. The oral mucosal melanoma tends to appear at a higher stage and is much more aggressive than its cutaneous counterpart. Thus prognosis of oral melanoma is poor and worse than that of cutaneous melanoma. Here we present one of such a rare case of malignant melanoma of left maxillary alveolus
A Study on the Relationship between Religiosity and Forgiveness among Students
Fatemeh Amini, Parvaneh Doodman, Ali Edalati, Zhila Abbasi, Ma’rof Redzuan
 
DOI: 10.15192/PSCP.ASR.2014.1.3.131134
Published: 20 Mar, 2014
Pages: 131-134
[ Abstract ]
The objective of the research is the determination of relationship between religiosity and forgiveness. This study is based on the description-correlation method. 148 students (61 females & 63 males) were chosen through cluster, multi-staged and random sampling at the university. They filled out two questionnaires on religiosity, based on Glock-Stark model, and the tendency toward forgiveness. The data was analyzed via correlation coefficient and regression analysis. Between the variables of religiosity (ideological, ritual, experimental, and outcomes) and forgiveness, and its components (self, others, and situation), there is only forgiveness which has found no meaningful association with religious components. The results of regression analysis indicated that the total score of forgiveness and two subscales of forgiveness and forgiveness of situation have been predicted by the religious forgiveness. The results of the study are meant to confirm the findings which conceptualize forgiveness and religiosity as related constituents. These results are also useful for the experts who are looking for the patterns of preventing and treatment of mental and behavioral disorders.


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